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Duyğu şairi – Müşfiq

Heyf, ömür qısa, arzu genişdir,
Kim bu qayğı ilə titrəməmişdir?!

Onun da arzuları çox idi. Təəssüf ki, ömür yolu onları reallaşdıracaq qədər uzun olmadı, amma bu misraları ona tam aid etmək olmaz. Çünki o, ölüm qorxusuyla titrəyənlərə heç bənzəmirdi. O, sadəcə gözəllik aşiqi, yaşamaq, yaratmaq vurğunu  idi: söhbət  Mikayıl Müşfiqdən gedir.

Mikayıl Mirzə Qədir oğlu 1908-ci ildə  Xızı kəndində İsmayılovlar ailəsində  anadan olur. Anasını itirərkən yazar hələ ətrafda baş verənləri dərk edəcək yaşda deyildi: bu vaxt o, yaş yarımlıq idi. Elə İsmayılovlar ailəsinin xoşbəxtliyi də bu altı ay ərzində yaşananlar olur. 1914-cü ildə ailəyə digər bədbəxtlik üz verir: Müşfiqin atası – Mirzə Əbdülqədir dünyasını dəyişir. Bundan sonra Mikayıl və bacı-qardaşları qohumlarının himayəsində yaşamağa başlayırlar.

Bütün bu çətinlikərə baxmayaraq, Müşfiq 1915-ci ildə rus-tatar məktəbinə daxil olur.

Bu vaxt qohumlarına yük olmamaq üçün o, küçədə siqaret satmaqla məşğul olur, öz maddi ehtiyaclarını bu cür təmin edir. Buna görə də xalq şairi Rəsul Rzanın şairə həsr etdiyi xatirələrində belə bir epizoda rast gələrkən təccüblənməməliyik. “Şaxtalı qış günü idi. Müşfiqlə Sabir bağında gəzirdik. Elə bu vaxt gözümüz qolları köhnə pencəyinin içində itən, soyuqda titrəyə-titrəyə yoldan ötənlərə yaxınlaşıb siqaret satmağa çalışan balaca oğlana sataşdı. Bu vaxt Müşfiq uşağı yanına çağırıb ona siqaret uzadan oğlana kağız pul verdi. Sonra isə biz yolumuza davam etdik. 5 dəqiqədən sonra bu hadisədən gözləri yaşarmış Müşfiq dedi: “ Belə şaxtalı günlərdə nə qədər ay papiros deyə-deyə küçələri dolaşmışam, hətta müştəri cəlb etmək üçün popirosa şeirlər də qoşardım”

Yazar 1927-ci ildə Azərbaycan Dövlət Pedaqoji İnstituna daxil olur. 1931-ci ildən müəllim kimi çalışmağa başlayır. Həm təhsil aldığı, həm də müəllim kimi çalışdığı illərdə Müşfiq bədii yaradıcılıqla da məşğul olur, şeirləri  bir-birinin ardınca nəşr edilir.

Mikayıl Müşfiq romantik insan idi. Yazarın bu xususiyyəti şeirlərinin mövzularında da özün göstərirdi. Təkcə “Duyğu yarpaqları” şeirini oxumaq kifayətdir ki, onun necə həyat dolu insan olduğunu duya biləsən.

Könül, səndə yenə həyəcanmı var?
Uçub qalxmadığın asimanmı var?
Söylə, sənin kimi bu asimanda
Tufan rəqqasəsi bir tərlanmı var?
Hər tərəfdə quran toy-busat mənəm,
Ulduzlarla edən ixtilat mənəm.
Mənim azadlığım qucağa sığmaz,
Yer mənəm, göy mənəm, kainat mənəm!

Şeirlərinin əsas mövzusu təbiət, gözəllik, sevgi, dostluq və digər ülvi hisslər olan  şairin poeziyası musiqili, ahəngdar və emosional olması ilə seçilirdi. Onun yaradıcılığını vərəqlədikcə adama elə gəlir ki, kimsə bu mövzulara Müşfiqdən daha həssas yanaşa bilməzdi. Məgər, kimsə “Yenə o bağ olaydı”nı  Müşfiqdən daha mükəmməl işləyə bilərdimi? Bu şeir başdan-başa Müşfiq sevgisiylə boyanıb.  Şeirdəki həsrət, nakamlıq  Müşfiq ömrünün, Müşfiq həyatsevərliyinin, Müşfiq sevgisinin faciəsidir.

Şair bir yanda bayram məclislərinin qurulduğu, digər yanda isə günahsız insanların olmazın günahlarla şərlənib həbs edildiyi  dövrdə dünyaya gəlmişdi. Təəssüf ki, bu dövr ziyalılarına xas olan o məlum sonluq Müşfiqdən də yan keçmir.

Şair “Duyğu yarpaqlar”ı şeirində yaşadığı dövrü bu cür qiymətləndirirdi:

Mən bir yüksəlişin sevdasındayam,
Siniflər döyüşü dünyasındayam,
İnsanı, zəhməti qiymətləndirən
Yaxşı adamların sırasındayam.

O, yaxşı insanların arasında yaşadığına  inanırdı, amma nə biləydi ki, o bu şeiri yazarkən həmin “yaxşı insanlar” onun qətli üçün planlar qururdular?! Adının  mənası “Allaha xoş gələn” demək idi, amma nədənsə o, sovetlərə xoş gəlməmişdi.

1937-ci ildə şairin qapısı qəfil döyülür. Nədə ittiham olunması barədə heç bir məlumat verilməyən şair  imperiyanın qərarı ilə həbs edilir.

Müşfiq həbs edildikdən sonra qardaşı Mirzə müəmmalı şəkildə itkin düşür, əmisi oğlu Yunis Mirzə 11 illlik həbs edilir, bacısı Balacaxanım 6 illik həbs edilərək Arxangelskə sürgün edilir. Balacaxanımın həyat yoldaşı Şükür Şükürlü isə istintaqa cəlb edilir: nə öldüsü, nə də qaldısı haqqında xəbər çıxmır. Digər bacısı-Böyükxanımın həyat yoldaşı da həbs edilir. Böyükxanım isə üzərinə neft töküb ozünü yandırır. Müşfiqin faciəsi bütün ailənin faciəsinə çevrilir.

1938-ci ildə 15 dəqiqə çəkən məhkəmə yazar haqqında  güllələnmə qərarı çıxarır. Yanvarın 6-da isə qərar yerinə yetirilir.

Güllələndikdən sonra şairin cəsədi dənizə atılır. Xəzər dənizi Müşfiqin də məzarına çevrilir. Yazarın hələ də məzarı yoxdur.

11 illik yaradıcılıq dövründə onun  “Küləklər”, “Günün səsləri”, “Buruqlar arasında”, “Şeirlər” kimi şeir kitabları dərc olunub. Ölümündən sonra isə Bakıda büstü qoyulub, adına xatirə muzeyi yaradılıb, məktəb, qəsəbə, küçə, meydanlara yazarın adı verilib, şeirlərinə musiqilər bəstələnib. Müşfiqşünas kimi tanınan Gülhüseyn Hüseynoğlu tərəfindən “Mikayıl Müşfiqin yaradıcılıq yolu” adlı ilk dərs vəsaiti hazırlanıb.

Bu gün Müşfiq çoxlarımızın yaddaşında gənc şair kimi yaşayır. Çünki şairin ahəngdar, musiqili dili onu 105 yaşlı bədbin Müşfiq kimi təsəvvür etməyə imkan vermir.

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161 şərh

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