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“Hepatit C-dən qorunmaq üçün peyvənd yoxdur”

[videojs youtube="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMuK3y-TwfM" width="100%" height="420"]

Hepatit C (HC) qaraciyər hüceyrələrini zədələyən virus mənşəli xəstəlikdir. İlk dəfə 1989-cu ildə aşkar olunan virus (HCV) qaraciyər hüceyrələrini zədələyərək  qaraciyərin öz funksiyasını itirməsinə yəni, qaraciyər sirrozuna səbəb olur. Rəsmi statiskaya görə, bu gün dünyada 170 milyon insan HCV-yə yoluxub.

2012-ci ildə BMT-nin QİÇS üzrə Birgə Proqramının Azərbaycan nümayəndəliyinin rəhbəri Cəmilə Cərrahova mətbuata açıqlamasında Azərbaycanda “Hepatit C” virusuna yoluxmuş insanların sayının dəqiq bəlli olmadığını, yalnız immunitet çatışmazlığı olan insanların 62,4% -də Hepatit C mövcuddur. 

Həkim, hepotoloq Aqil Ağakişiyev deyir ki, Hepatit C virusu qanköçürmə, cinsi əlaqə, stomotoloqların diş alətlərindən düzgün istifadə etməməsi, Kosmetoloji prosedurlar yəni pirsinq, tatu döyülməsi, manikürpedikür və digər yollarla yoluxur.

Həkimin sözlərinə görə, yorğunluq, halsızlıq, baş  ağrısı, iştahsızlıq bu xəstəliyin əsas əlamətləridir. Bu virus tüpürcək, sidik ,sperma  kimi bədən mayelərində müşahidə olunmur.

Aqil Ağakişiyev :

Hepatit C virusu, əsasən, qan yolu ilə keçir. 95-97% hallarda qan yolu ilə yoluxur. Yəni, tibbi müəssələrdə anti-sanitariya şəraitində yoluxa bilir. Bundan başqa qan ehtiyacı olan, tibbi müdaxilyə məruz qalan insanlarda çox rast gəlir. Hansı ki, bu şəxslər tez-tez dializə və yaxud hemofiliyalı xəstələrdə tez-tez qan köçürməsinə məruz qalırlar. Bunlarda daha çox Hepatit C -yə rast gəlirik.

Hepatit C virusunun müalicə üsulundan danışan həkim, müalicə qiymətləri haqqında da məlumat verir.

Aqil Ağakişiyev :

Hepatit C xəstəliyinin 3 formada müalicəsi var. Birinci üsul klassik formada olan müalicə üsuludur. Klassik forma 10 ildən artıqdır ki, həm dünyada, həm dəAzərbaycanda istifadə olunur . Bunların qiyməti təqribi Avropada 10. 000 euro civarında, son 2-3 ildə istifadə edilən Hepatit C müalicə üsulunda üçlük müalicə dediyimiz 60.000 euro civarında, ən son çıxan müalicə Hepatit C son 3 ay bundan qabaq ki, açıqlamalarında 125.000 euro açıqlansada, son zamanlar onun düşdüyü 80.000 euro civarında olduğu bildirilir.

Qeyd edək ki, Hepatit C virusundan qorunmaq üçün hələki xüsusi bir peyvənd yoxdur. Bu virusa yoluxub-yoluxmadığınızı öyrənmək üçün altı aydan bir qan analizi vermək lazımdır.

Hazırladı:
Ülkər Natiqqızı
Fərid Şabanov

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26 şərh

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